Agri-scientist explains how farmers can double their income with organic farming

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A farmer doing organic farming

Organic Agriculture: There was a time when experts and scientists insisted on using chemicals to meet the dietary needs of the growing population in India. But now they are advising farmers to use less chemicals. Agri-scientists say chemicals should be the last option for farmers because too many chemicals make cro toxic, which can lead to diseases like cancer.

Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Samastipur, Associate Director of Research Dr SK Singh told media that organic compost and green manure should be used in agriculture. This lowers the cost of cultivation and increases income. In addition, organic manure can be easily prepared at home.

He also said that the focus should be on techniques such as crop rotation and multiculture.

What is zero budget natural agriculture?

Zero Budget Natural Agriculture (ZBNF) is basically a type of agriculture that promotes chemical-free farming practices. In zero budget natural agriculture, native cow dung and cow urine, etc. are used for growing crops. This type of agriculture is encouraged to promote biological control of pests, mixed crops, etc.

This allows the use of natural substances while restricting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. For example, natural insecticides such as pyrethrin and rotenone can be used. Meanwhile, permitted synthetic substances include copper sulfate, elemental sulfur, and vermectin.

To popularize organic farming, it is necessary for farmers to raise more animals and for compost / manure to be made from kitchen scraps or cow dung.

Green manure should be prepared at the right time and the use of chemicals should be avoided for disease and pest management.

Emphasis should be placed on the management of diseases and pests by biological means.

Clean agriculture must be encouraged.

DR Singh, finally, said that farmers will certainly get good and better incomes if they adopt organic farming or natural farming. They can do this at their neighboring office in Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) or at the Department of Agriculture.

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